Have you ever been to the city of Kuala Lumpur before, and passed by these wonderful buildings such as the Parliament building, Tunku Chancellor Hall in University of Malaya (UM) or Bank Negara? They give this utilitarian aesthetic and feeling – sort of like we were in a dark-off beat movie. As a matter of fact, these types of buildings have a name, known as Brutalist Architecture.
Although Brutalism has the word ‘brutal’ in it, it does not necessarily mean this, but rather, was derived from a French word, ‘Béton brut’ (raw concrete) and was first associated in architecture with Le Corbusier, who designed the Cite Radieuse in Marseilles in the late-1940s.
Known for its usage of structural reinforced concrete and metal, standard components, and functional look, Brutalist building was mainly used for institutional buildings. Imposing and geometric, Brutalist architecture have the vivid level that is a part of what makes them so appealing nowadays. The word Brutalist does not go from this building’s fotress-like stature, but from the crude concrete its much createdfrom – beton Brut. Related with schools, churches, libraries, theatres, and social construction projects, Brutalism is frequently entwined with 20th-century urban concept that looked toward collective ideals. With this demand for structure after World War II, Brutalism took hold in the globe, but especially in the UK. And East European Communist nations, where it was sometimes used to create a new national socialist architecture.
This time however, these lauded buildings have incorporated “green” or “sustainable” features. Architects and designers are thus creating an “eco-brutalism” form of architecture that is too often dismissive of the needs of people, even as it purports to address the pressing ecological needs of our species and our planet. While we are excited about the discussions around environmental systems and the new materials for buildings, we believe that, in the end, they need to also support the quality of human communities. Christopher Alexander, the author of A Pattern Language, once said, “is simply an extension of the technocratic society we find ourselves in, not what it pretends to be.”
English Brutalist Architecture is one of the most testing subjects while considering energy efficiency retrofit. The solid skin, a solitary unprotected layer established by an interesting material which is raw concrete, ruthlessly shown, is one of the most significant highlights of a Brutalist building. A few inquiries emerge while considering a Brutalist working for an energy efficiency retrofit. One of the primary inquiries emerging concerns the protection of the Brutalist style while improving the vitality execution of the structure skin. In addition, the concrete industry is one of the main producers of carbon dioxide, a powerful greenhouse gas. Concrete makes harm the ripest layer of the earth, the dirt. Concrete is utilized to make hard surfaces which add to surface overflow that may cause soil erosion, water contamination and flooding. Hence, Brutalist architecture by its very nature is harmful to the environment.
Concrete residue delivered by building destruction and cataclysmic events can be a significant wellspring of dangerous air contamination. The nearness of certain substances in concrete, including valuable and undesirable added substances, can cause wellbeing worries because of poisonousness and (ordinarily normally happening) radioactivity. Wet cement is profoundly soluble and ought to consistently be taken care of with appropriate defensive gear. Solid reusing is expanding in light of improved ecological mindfulness, enactment, and monetary contemplations. Then again, the utilization of cement mitigates the utilization of elective structure materials, for example, wood, which is a characteristic type of carbon sequestering. Solid structures additionally last any longer than wood structures.
On the other hand, some would argue that concrete as a building material has become more environmentally friendly. Alternately, concrete is one of the most incredible assets for appropriate flood control, by methods for damming, preoccupation, and avoidance of rising waters, mud streams, and so forth. Light-hued cement can diminish the urban heat island impact, because of its higher albedo. In addition to scientific developments now are pursuing an eco-friendly component to produce concrete, to reduce the negative impacts to the environment.
What is clear though is that “Eco-Brutalism” is not environmentally friendly because at the of the day, concrete is still a vital part of the architecture style. And slapping some leaves on the building is just greenwashing us. The conversation that we should pursue is that of pursuing a more eco-friendly materials and not eco-friendly aesthetic look.